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Dengue Fever on The Rise Stay Alert

Heavy rainfall has brought a lot of diseases with it. Dengue, diarrheal illnesses, and skin infections are on rising.

Several patients, suffering from Dengue are seeking primary care. Dengue is a viral infection, transmitted through mosquitoes, especially in high population areas and places of poor public hygiene, contaminated with sewerage water.

π’π˜πŒππ“πŽπŒπ’ πŽπ… 𝐃𝐄𝐍𝐆𝐔𝐄

Dengue starts with the febrile phase, which has the following symptoms:

  • High-grade fever
  • Headaches
  • Body aches
  • Joint Pains
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Stomachache
  • Rash

After this phase, some patients go into recovery and some enter the critical phase, which has the following symptoms:

  • Abdominal pain
  • Increased vomiting
  • Swelling in body
  • Bleeding from different parts of the body
  • Severe dehydration
  • Decreased consciousness and confusion
  • If not treated properly, it can lead to severe complications or death. Mostly it is a self-limiting disease and the death rate is less if properly managed.

π‡πŽπ– π“πŽ πŒπ€ππ€π†π„ 𝐃𝐄𝐍𝐆𝐔𝐄:

  • Dengue antigen and antibody tests and serial CBSs are done by physicians to check for cell lines, especially platelets.
  • Dengue has no specific treatment; supportive treatment is given.
  • Bed rest is advised.
  • Panadol is given for fever; other painkillers should be avoided. Sponging is done if fever is not controlled.
  • Plenty of fluids, including fruit juices, ORS, etc. should be given.
  • Papaya leaf extract shortens the duration of illness. Prepared syrup and tablets are now available in the market.
  • Follow-up with a good physician is necessary. An immediate check-up by a physician is essential if one goes through severe bleeding, increased vomiting, restlessness, severe weakness, or signs of dehydration (sunken eyes, dry mouth, and lips, no tears, decreased urine, cold skin)

ππ‘π„π•π„ππ“πˆπŽπ πŽπ… 𝐃𝐄𝐍𝐆𝐔𝐄

  • Use mosquito repellent on open areas of the body.
  • Wear full-sleeved clothes
  • Do not leave water containers open.
  • Place a net screen on windows to prevent mosquitos from entering.
  • Kill mosquitoes in the house by using insecticide sprays.

Proper education about the disease and adequate preventive measures can help control this notorious disease and its complications.

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